A profit-sharing plan accepts discretionary employer contributions. There is no set amount that the law requires you to contribute. If you can afford to make some amount of contributions to the plan for a particular year, you can do so. Other years, you do not need to make contributions. Also, your business does not need profits to make contributions to a profit-sharing plan.
If you do make contributions, you will need to have a set formula for determining how the contributions are divided. Once the funds have been contributed, the plan will establish a “plan” account for each participant in the retirement plan trust.
Flexible, discretionary contributions
Ability to control which employees receive contributions
Ease of explanation to employees
More expensive than its simpler cousin, the SEP IRA
Required compliance testing to demonstrate that the plan does not favor Highly Compensated Employees
If you establish a profit-sharing plan, you:
Can be a business of any size
Can have other retirement plans
Must create a governing plan document
Need to annually file a Form 5500
As with 401(k) plans, you can make a profit-sharing plan as simple or as complex as you want. You may purchase a pre-approved profit-sharing plan document from a benefits professional or financial institution to cut down on administrative headaches.
Employer contributions only.
The lesser of 25% of compensation or $55,000 (for 2018, subject to cost-of-living adjustments for later years).
Annual filing of a Form 5500-series return/report is required. Participant disclosures are also required.